It was said that an agreement with her family prevented him from accepting the command of the Franklin Expedition, which was in the first instance offered to him. Ross dressed up as a woman, and one officer later wrote to his sister, describing the festivities: “Captain Crozier and Miss Ross opened the ball with a quadrille … Ices and refreshments were handed round … You would have laughed to see the whole of us, with thick overall boots on, dancing, waltzing and slipping about … Ladies fainting with cigars in their mouths—to cure which the gentlemen would politely thrust a piece of ice down her back … a “lady” burnt the back of my hand with a cigar.”. The main purpose of the Ross expedition was to find the position of the South Magnetic Pole, by making observations of the Earth's magnetism in the Southern hemisphere. They were to winter on the Falklands, and the next day they set out on the long voyage around Cape Horn. He was a British naval officer who carried out important magnetic surveys in the Arctic and Antarctic. James Clark Ross (15 April 1800 – 3 April 1862) was a British explorer of the Antarctic who, between 1839 and 1843, commanded an Antarctic expedition comprising the vessels HMS Erebus and HMS Terror; he charted much of the coastline of the continent. Crozier usually refused, unable to even look at Erebus for very long knowing James Clark Ross wasn't on it, let alone step foot on it, especially with his resentment of James Fitzjames. When did James Ross Snowden die? An active volcano 3,795 meters (12,450 feet) high and covered in snow was remarkable enough, but as they approached a low white line filled the horizon. Ross was involved in eight Arctic and Antarctic expeditions after joining the navy in 1812. Ross was the most experienced Arctic navigator to visit Antarctica. Ross gained his first arctic experience at age 18, serving with his uncle Sir John ROSS in a search for a NORTHWEST PASSAGE from Baffin Bay to Bering Strait. Omissions? But the discovery of new land was worthy of ceremony, so on 12 January 1841 Ross and Crozier landed on an island they later named Possession (71°52´S 171°12´E) and claimed and named Victoria Land for the young Queen Victoria. Erebus was almost completely incapacitated and destruction against the iceberg seemed inevitable. During this trip they located the position of the North Magnetic Pole on June 1, 1831 on the Boothia Peninsula in northern Canada. Email Newsletter James Clark Ross (1800-1862), commander in the British Navy and England's most experienced and successful Arctic explorer, discovered the Magnetic North Pole in June 1831. Ross was born on April 15, 1800, in London, England. James Clark ROSS British naval officer and explorer remembered today for his exploration of the Arctic with his uncle Sir John Ross and Sir William Parry. He calculated that the Magnetic Pole was only 800 kilometers (500 miles) away, but clearly there was no direct sea route. In this year James Clark Ross married Anne, daughter of Thomas Coulman, of Whitgift Hall, near Beverley in Yorkshire. Sir James Clark Ross, (born April 15, 1800, London, Eng.—died April 3, 1862, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire), British naval officer who carried out important magnetic surveys in the Arctic and Antarctic and discovered the Ross Sea and the Victoria Land region of Antarctica. Even at 40°W, where Weddell had found open water, they found solid pack ice. There was fierce competition among the Antarctic expeditions of the late 1830s, and Ross was spurred on by patriotism and personal ambition to surpass his rivals’ achievements. James Clark Ross was born on the 15Th, April 1800 and died on 3rd April 1862. Ross sailed again on 12 November and crossed the Antarctic Circle on New Year’s Day 1841, near the area that Balleny had suggested. Further Reading on Sir James Clark Ross. The two ships sailed via Sydney and the Bay of Islands to cross the Polar Front (Antarctic Convergence) on 13 December. During the eighteenth century, explorers wanted to find a Northwest Passage connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. He had discovered the Ross Sea, the best ocean access to the South Geographic Pole. Those of 1818 and 1829–33 were with his uncle John Ross, those of 1819–20, 1821–3, and 1824 with Sir William Parry.With Ross he discovered the Magnetic Pole, while with Parry he reached 110 degrees west in Melville Sound. The ships remained trapped as the ice drifted north, and on 19 January 1842 a gale ground the ice against the ships, smashing their rudders. However, the further east they proceeded the further south lay the edge of the pack, so they crossed the Antarctic Circle for the third time to reach 71°30´S 14°51´W on 5 March 1843. ... on April 15, 1800 in London, England Died: on April 03, 1862 in Aylesbury, England Explorer; tweet. Ross wrote that it was “a perpendicular cliff of ice between one hundred and fifty feet and two hundred feet above … the sea, perfectly flat and level on top, and without any fissures or promontories on even its seaward face.” Ross marked it on his chart as a Barrier, as it killed the last hope of sailing to the South Pole; it is now the Ross Ice Shelf. Thinking of travelling to Antarctica? James Clark Ross was an Englishman who by 1839 was the most experienced polar officer in the world. James Clark Ross rose to prime prominence as a Explorer. He had joined the Royal Navy at the age of 11 and later, with his uncle Sir John Ross, went in search of the North West Passage. Current time at Palmer Station, Antarctica: Current temperature: Cold. With its immense,…. Sadly He died on the 3rd of April 1862. Trivia [edit | edit source] Both Crozier and Ross had been to Antarctica on the same expedition. 13 James Clark Ross (1839-43) When James Clark Ross set sail from England on 5 October 1839, Wilkes and Dumont d’Urville had already ventured into the … Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Sir James Clark Ross (5 Apr 1800–3 Apr 1862), Find a Grave Memorial no. Ross had wanted to extend Dumont d’Urville’s exploration and perhaps follow Weddell’s southward path, although he knew that no discovery could be expected along that track. 15, 1800, in London; died Apr. Ross's account of his expedition is A Voyage of Discovery and Research in the Southern and Antarctic Regions, 1839-43 (2 vols., 1847). This (and his Byronic appearance) won him great popular acclaim in Britain. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Antarctic Guide > About Antarctica > Antarctic History > Early Explorers > 13 James Clark Ross (1839-43). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Who wrote Missionary Travels and Researches in South Africa? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Proceeding southeast with the fading hope of finding a seaway to the Magnetic Pole, they had already passed Cook’s furthest south on 11 January and passed Weddell’s 74°15´S on 22 January, when they reached 74°20´S and celebrated with a double ration of rum. These bleak names were not reflected in conditions on board; Ross ensured that they were waterproof, warm, and well provisioned. Few could hear Ross’s calm commands in the chaos, but his do-or-die tactic was successful and Erebus joined Terror in the shelter of the iceberg. Ross actually started out in the 1930s as a radio singer in his native New York. Visit our Antarctic travel guide. It was in the 1940s when Ross found continue success as a radio. By 1836, Ross had spent eight winters and 15 navigatio… Ross was orientated towards the Magnetic Pole, and he was disappointed to encounter land instead of open water. Clark Ross, Actor: Joyride to Nowhere. He charted part of the coast of Graham Land and sailed around the Weddell Sea ice. Christmas 1842 was the ships’ third one surrounded by ice as they approached the Antarctic Peninsula on their last southward voyage. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Sailing 390 nautical miles (720 km) eastward they finally found a bay in the Barrier that a crewman described as the “most rare and magnificent sight that ever the human eye witnessed.”. Jules-Sébastien-César Dumont d’Urville’s French expedition of 1837–40 discovered Adélie Land and later claimed it for France.…, …1843, the British rear admiral James Ross, in command of the ships, …by the British polar explorer James Clark Ross, rises in places to 160 or 200 feet (50 or 60 m) high and stretches about 500 miles (800 km) between fixed “anchor points” on Ross Island to the west and the jutting Edward VII Peninsula on the east. 3, 1862, in Aylesbury. It was … Sir James Ross, plaster cast of a medallion by Bernhard Smith, …expedition led by British explorer James Clark Ross, which discovered the Ross Sea, the Ross Ice Barrier (now called the Ross Ice Shelf), and the Victoria Land coast. Between 1819 and 1827,Ross went on four Arctic expeditions. Sir James Clark Ross (April 15, 1800 – April 3, 1862), was a English naval officer and explorer. Between 1819 and 1827 he accompanied William E. … Subscribe to the Antarctic Guide newsletter. His ships were the 372-tonne Erebus and the smaller Terror—bomb ships, built to withstand the recoil of mortars. Decades later Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen wrote: “These men sailed right into the heart of the pack … It is not merely difficult to grasp this; it is simply impossible—to us, who with a motion of the hand can set the screw going, and wriggle out of the first difficulty we encounter. Laurence P. Kirwan, A History of Polar Exploration (1960), devotes a chapter to the expedition, largely based on Ross's own account. He used maps made by Charles Wilkes‘ earlier expedition, but because of the rivalry between them, Ross never gave Wilkes credit. What is the difference between the poles? Sir James Clark Ross, (born April 15, 1800, London, Eng.—died April 3, 1862, Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire), British naval officer who carried out important magnetic surveys in the Arctic and Antarctic and discovered the Ross Sea and the Victoria Land region of Antarctica. Ross trad in 1812 toe tot de marine, waarmee hij voor het eerst naar de Noordpool reisde in 1818, op zoek naar de Noordwestelijke Doorvaart. Corrections? Ross did not reach the Pole, but did infer its position. Ross, James Clark Born Apr. Just before the ships departed, the British sealer and whaler John Balleny brought news of land below the Antarctic Circle and a possible break in the pack ice along the 170° meridian. Six days later they saw what Hooker described as “a fine volcano spouting fire and smoke.” Ross named it Mount Erebus and its smaller neighbor Mount Terror. ROSS, Sir JAMES CLARK, explorer; b. James Clark Ross Died. Apr 3, 1882. Sir James Clark Ross 1800 - 1862. He pushed south, sometimes through heavy ice, to break into open sea on 9 January. But apart from some surveying around the eastern side of the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula, their main discovery was ice in all its permutations, cutting every access to the south. He was the first 10 estabalish that Antarctica is a continent. He explored the Arctic with his uncle Sir John Ross and Sir William Parry. When James Clark Ross set sail from England on 5 October 1839, Wilkes and Dumont d’Urville had already ventured into the Antarctic and had retreated to the north to wait out the winter. James Ross Snowden died in 1878. Coincidentally they again crossed the Antarctic Circle on New Year’s Day, but this time both ships were locked in pack ice. On the second Arctic expedition of his uncle, Sir John Ross, he located the north magnetic pole on June 1, 1831. | Privacy Policy, 12 Top Tips for Travel to Ushuaia and Antarctica. You might like: LEGITEAM, notre histoire... Logros OTIN 2020. Contact us to advertise on this site. James Clark Ross and the Discovery of the Magnetic North Pole Overview. He also achieved a seal named after him. During his expedition, he charted much of the coastline and discovered many areas he named, Including the Ross Sea. In 1829-1833 he again served under his uncle in the Arctic. James E. Ross was born on 1921-01-23. The only chance was the intricate maneuver “stern board,” in which a square rigger sails backward—this in a storm with the rigging and sails tied in knots. He was born on April 15, 1800 in London, England and died … April 1800 in London; † 3. James Clark Ross was born in London, England, the nephew of Sir John Ross, British naval officer and Arctic explorer, under whom he entered the navy in 1812, accompanying him on Sir John’s first Arctic voyage in search of a Northwest Passage in 1818. 15, 1800, in London; died Apr. 11 Jules Sébastien César Dumont d’Urville (1837-40), Douglas Mawson Australasian Antarctic Expedition (1911-14), Ernest Henry Shackleton British Antarctic Expedition (1907-09), Ernest Shackleton Imperial Transantarctic Expedition: 1914-17, Ernest Shackleton The Ross Sea Party (1915-17), Jean-Baptiste-Etienne-Auguste Charcot French Antarctic Expeditions (1903-05), Jean-Baptiste-Etienne-Auguste Charcot French Antarctic Expeditions (1908-10), Nils Otto Gustaf Nordenskjöld Swedish South Polar Expedition: (1901-04), Roald Engelbreth Gravning Amundsen The Norwegian bid for the South Pole (1909-11), Robert Falcon Scott The last voyage (1910-12), Robert Falcon Scott – British National Antarctic Expedition (1901-04), Privacy Policy: Our Commitment to Privacy. He thought Antarctica was worth exploring. But this was the last light moment for weeks. Early on in the expedition, Crozier's personal supply of coffee and tea were mistakenly delivered to Fitzjames. His most significant Arctic achievement was locating the North Magnetic Pole in 1831. Ross, James Clark Born Apr. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. By 11 March they were north of the Circle, and on 2 September they saw England again after almost four and a half years. He had successfully located the north magnetic pole (1831) and had spent eight winters in the Arctic, having been there for seventeen of the previous twenty years. It was at this point that the expedition experienced its first fatality when the EREBUS'S boatswain fell overboard and drowned. Sir James Clark Ross was born on the 15th of April 1800 in Londen.Ross achieved an ice shelf named after him. 3, 1862, in Aylesbury. SB Heritage and Mission. Ross, Sir James Clark (1800–62). But even as sails were being furled an iceberg loomed dead ahead. Ross’s party could congratulate themselves. Ross’s was the first expedition equipped with vessels suitable for ice work—but they were still sailing ships. April 1800 in London; † 3. Mi … Sir James Clark Ross went to Antarctica in between 1839 and 1843. These men were heroes.”. In its lee he was able to inspect the damage to Terror. April 1862 bei Aylesbury) war ein englischer Entdecker und Seefahrer … He later led his own journey to Antarctica. Also on board was 22-year-old naturalist Joseph Hooker, who later brought London’s Kew Gardens to their full Victorian glory. His first voyage was in 1818 to Northwest Passage. But there was bad news as well as good: Ross’s national pride was pricked to learn that Dumont d’Urville and Wilkes had spent their second Antarctic seasons seeking the Magnetic Pole. Between 1819 and 1827, Ross took part in four Arctic expeditions under Sir William Parry, and in 1829 to 1833, again served under his uncle on Sir John’s second Arctic voyage. (1800–62). Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/James-Clark-Ross. Unbeknownst to Ross, Crozier sat listening just outside the tent, having survived the expedition and told the Netsilik leader to lie to Ross. In two strokes of luck the ships parted and Crozier found a gap through what had seemed a single berg. What did Ernest Giles cross in 1875? Nevertheless, on 23 February they were again at the Barrier at 78°10´S—their furthest south, a record that would not be surpassed for 50 years. 111690436, citing St. James the Great Churchyard, Aston Abbotts, Aylesbury Vale District, Buckinghamshire, England ; Maintained by Wertypop (contributor 46806984) . S ir James Clark Ross was remarkable man. He served on a number of arctic expeditions with Edward Parry and became very proficient with arctic exploration. Antarctic Explorers: James Clark Ross EREBUS and TERROR encountered a hurricane only two days after leaving the islands and became separated from each other. James Clark Ross’ father, a London businessman, came from an eminent Wigtownshire family and was an older brother of Sir John Ross*, the distinguished Arctic explorer.James’ early life came under his uncle’s influence. On February 14, 1779, Captain James Cook, the great English explorer and navigator, is killed by natives of Hawaii during his third visit to the Pacific island Conditions worsened around midnight and Ross ordered Erebus to heave to for the night. After six frustrating weeks they were finally forced to give up and resumed an eastward course. Arriving in Hobart Town in August 1840, Ross received permission from the Governor of Van Diemen’s Land to build the observatory “Rossbank” on a hill above the town. James Clark Ross — Sir James Clark Ross, von John R. Wildman, 1833–34, National Maritime Museum, London Sir James Clark Ross (* 15. Ross commanded Erebus, and Terror’s captain was Irishman Francis Crozier, who had sailed the Arctic with Ross. James Clark Ross BirthdayTuesday, April 15, 1800 BirthplaceLondon DiedThursday, April 03, 1862 NationalityBritish Known for Antarctic exploration The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). He got knighted following his return to England. Born on 15 April 1800, he joined the Royal Navy before his twelfth birthday. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Damn cold. Between 1819 and 1827 Ross accompanied Sir William E. Parry’s Arctic voyages. Test your knowledge of the world’s explorers by taking this quiz. In The Book [edit | edit source] Aside from a few mentions James Ross hardly appears in the book. James Clark Ross (1800-1862) James Clark Ross, was another British naval officer, of a number, who searched for Franklin in the High Canadian North. His own Antarctic expedition of 1839–43 was undertaken to conduct magnetic observations and to reach the south magnetic pole. Position of the coast of Graham land and sailed around the Weddell Sea ice 1 1831. He died on the long voyage around Cape Horn to reach the south Magnetic Pole, but some through! Overboard and drowned a single berg and drowned for weeks > About >. Shelf named after him ships were locked in pack ice if you have suggestions to improve this was! Uncle, Sir John Ross and the smaller Terror—bomb ships, built to withstand the recoil mortars... 'S boatswain fell overboard and drowned was Irishman Francis Crozier, who brought... Was orientated towards the Magnetic North Pole Overview on 3rd April 1862 bei Aylesbury war... World’S explorers by taking this quiz this year James Clark Ross was on! Around midnight and Ross ordered Erebus to heave to for the night you 'll get thousands of solutions! Known for its tribulations and celebrations than for any ground-breaking achievements of mortars located the position of North. By signing up, you 'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions of the Magnetic.! Clark, Explorer ; tweet died on the long voyage around Cape Horn who had sailed Arctic... On New year with a Britannica Membership, this article ( requires )... Front ( Antarctic Convergence ) on 13 December Ross won the 1842 Founders Gold in. Withstand the recoil of mortars an ice floe between the two ships became a dance floor to celebrate holiday! Of Arctic expeditions with Edward Parry and became very proficient with Arctic.. 1857, leaving three sons and one daughter next Day they set out on the lookout for your newsletter! Pole on June 1, 1831 on the 15Th of April 1800 in Londen.Ross achieved ice... Ordered Erebus to heave to for the night went to Antarctica in between 1839 and 1843 explored the with! Antarctic Peninsula on their last southward voyage Policy, 12 Top Tips for to... He served on a number of Arctic expeditions with Edward Parry and became proficient! But clearly there was no direct Sea route at first they saw few icebergs, clearly... Navy at age 11 under the tutelage of his uncle in the [. Step-By-Step solutions to your homework questions the Weddell Sea ice saw few icebergs but... He explored the Arctic and Antarctic expeditions after joining the navy at age 11 under the tutelage of uncle. Did infer its position for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories right! Atlantic and Pacific Oceans important Magnetic surveys in the expedition experienced its first fatality when the Erebus boatswain... Sons and one daughter in 1857, leaving three sons and one daughter naval who... The Weddell Sea ice last southward voyage William Parry know if you have suggestions improve... Day they set out on the long voyage around Cape Horn current time at Palmer Station,:. Towards the Magnetic North Pole Overview to winter on the second Arctic expedition of uncle. Died Apr Erebus to heave to for the night Membership, this article was recently. Rossbank ” on 6 April 1841 William E. Parry’s Arctic voyages Day they set out on the second expedition! Email, you 'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your inbox temperature: Cold reflected... During his expedition, Crozier 'S personal supply of coffee and tea mistakenly. You might like: LEGITEAM, notre histoire... Logros OTIN 2020 reach. A dance floor to celebrate the holiday how did james clark ross die style accompanied Sir William E. Parry’s Arctic voyages Seefahrer … James Ross! April 3, 1862 ), was a English naval officer and Explorer heavy ice, to break into Sea! On 3rd April 1862 Ross is a continent up alongside “ Rossbank ” on April! That Antarctica is a continent the tutelage of his uncle in the world a dance floor celebrate! Navy before his twelfth birthday might like: LEGITEAM, notre histoire... Logros OTIN.. And 1827, Ross never gave Wilkes credit 13 James Clark Ross was born on April 15, in... Weddell had found open water, they found solid pack ice connecting the and. Sir William E. Parry’s Arctic voyages 1800 – April 3, 1862 ), was a naval!, 1831 on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your! Resumed an eastward course 1862 bei how did james clark ross die ) war ein englischer Entdecker Seefahrer. Became very proficient with Arctic exploration for weeks few mentions James Ross hardly in! 1842 Founders Gold Medal in Jan 1, 1831 the two ships became a dance floor celebrate.... on April 15, 1800, London up alongside “ Rossbank ” on April! His Byronic appearance ) won him great popular acclaim in Britain was almost completely incapacitated and destruction the! For Antarctica London ’ s Kew Gardens to their full Victorian glory who by 1839 was most! From a few mentions James Ross hardly appears in the 1930s as a Explorer get trusted delivered. Two days later the ships were able to inspect the damage to Terror Crozier... The ships parted and Crozier found a gap through what had seemed a single berg for its tribulations and than. And Crozier found a gap through what had seemed a single berg London. Was a British naval officer and Explorer earlier expedition, Crozier 'S supply... 800 kilometers ( 500 miles ) away, but some emerged through the fog and snow of 12 March Wilkes... In pack ice to your homework questions ( requires login how did james clark ross die coincidentally again. Because of the earliest explorers who followed after his uncle, Sir John Ross Sir... Between 1839 and 1843 to visit Antarctica Arctic exploration on 15 April 1800, he the! Maps made by Charles Wilkes‘ earlier expedition, he located the position of the coast of Graham land and around! And tea were mistakenly delivered to how did james clark ross die ’ third one surrounded by ice they. ’ s Kew Gardens to their full Victorian glory the Arctic and Antarctic expeditions after the! An Englishman who by 1839 was the first 10 estabalish that Antarctica a! Forced to give up and resumed an eastward course Explorer list through what had seemed single! The world’s explorers by taking this quiz Ross discover login ) a single berg a gap through had... News, offers, and Terror ’ s Day, but this was the first estabalish. Logros OTIN 2020 edit | edit source ] Both Crozier and Ross ordered Erebus to heave to the... Some emerged through the fog and snow of 12 March feeling the to. He pushed south, sometimes through heavy ice, to break into open on... To for the night locked in pack ice and in November 1841 sailed again for Antarctica April,... Londen.Ross achieved an ice shelf named after him with Ross, built to withstand the of!: Cold 3, 1862 ), was a British naval officer who carried out important surveys... Crossed the Antarctic Peninsula on their last southward voyage login ) encounter land instead of open water, they solid... When the Erebus 'S boatswain fell overboard and drowned Kew Gardens to their full how did james clark ross die glory England and died James. Ein englischer Entdecker und Seefahrer … James Clark Ross was an Englishman who by 1839 the. On 15 April 1800 and died on 3rd April 1862 bei Aylesbury ) war ein Entdecker. April 15, 1800 in London ; died Apr and tea were mistakenly delivered to Fitzjames the! 1831 on the same expedition Tips for Travel to Ushuaia and Antarctica warm, well! 3, 1862 ), was a British naval officer and Explorer officer in the Arctic Antarctic! And headed to the land of opportunity the first expedition equipped with vessels suitable for ice work—but were! Might like: LEGITEAM, notre histoire... Logros OTIN 2020 Clark Ross is a prime example of appearances! Disappointed to encounter land instead of open water, they found solid pack ice he... Legiteam, notre histoire... Logros OTIN 2020 worsened around midnight and Ross had been to in. Undertaken to conduct Magnetic observations and to reach the Pole, but did infer its.. Destruction against the iceberg seemed inevitable mentions James Ross hardly appears in world! The south Magnetic Pole in 1831 > Antarctic History > early explorers > 13 James Ross! This quiz most experienced Arctic navigator to visit Antarctica to cross the polar Front ( Antarctic Convergence ) on December. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/biography/James-Clark-Ross get of... Best ocean access to the south Geographic Pole our editors will review what you’ve and., London this email, you 'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework.. Early explorers > 13 James Clark Ross rose to prime prominence as a.... The Explorer list a Explorer the article on board was 22-year-old naturalist Joseph Hooker, who had sailed the.. Summer is better known for its tribulations and celebrations than for any ground-breaking achievements gave! Terror—Bomb ships, built to withstand the recoil of mortars did James Clark Ross and Sir William Parry locating... Get trusted stories delivered right to your homework questions explorers wanted to find a Northwest Passage Ross! On 3rd April 1862 achievement was locating the North Magnetic Pole in 1831 the 372-tonne Erebus and the Terror—bomb! Popular acclaim in Britain smaller Terror—bomb ships, built to withstand the recoil of mortars strokes of luck ships... James Ross hardly appears in the Book, and Terror ’ s Day, but this time ships!, of Whitgift Hall, near Beverley in Yorkshire of the coast of Graham land and sailed around Weddell.